Laws & Regulations About Data Privacy Globally
Paranoia regarding how safe we are online and what happens to our data is on the rise. Thus, states are taking action and here is all you need to learn about those laws and regulations that attempt to save you from possible exploitation.
The need for strong laws & regulations to protect the Data Privacy of the consumers cannot be denied. With breaches & hackings happening on an almost everyday basis, that too with big companies like Google, Facebook & Apple, storing sensitive data on clouds has become scary. You never know, when another breach might happen, putting all your data in danger. To tackle this problem legally, countries are setting up laws & regulations that avoid individuals & companies from using consumer data without permission.
Though these laws & regulations are a good step towards maintaining Data Privacy, the question arises, if they are really enough? According to the UN, only about 58% of countries in the world have proper legislation for Data Privacy. And that is what we will be discussing in this blog ahead. So, keep reading.
DATA PRIVACY LAWS AROUND THE WORLD
Though not all, we will discuss some major Data Privacy regulations around the globe, to understand a clear picture of how countries are working to safeguard Data Protection of their citizens.
For securing the rights on Digital data of the citizens of the European Union, they have brought GDPR into action. If you don’t know what it is, let us tell you.
GDPR, viz. General Data Protection Law is by far the strongest set of regulations brought into action as a way of protecting the Data Privacy of the EU citizens. Besides the general guidelines for Data Privacy, the regulation imposes some really tough guidelines imposing major fines & penalties on the guilty companies.
A Few Highlights Of What GDPR Include:
- The companies are supposed to inform of any breach within 72 hours of its discovery by the company.
- In case the companies fail to abide by the GDPR regulations, they can be fined up to 4% of their global annual revenue.
- The companies are required to take the user’s consent for all the data they acquire from them.
- The users have the right of gaining knowledge of how any part of their personal data is being used by the company.
- The user has the right to ask for their data to be forgotten after a period of time & the companies will have to abide by it.
One of the strongest countries globally, the United States of America also has some strict legislative laws when it comes to Data Privacy, of which 3 are mentioned here.
The Child’s Online Privacy Protection Act or COPPA is a law focussed towards safeguarding the online privacy of children below the age of 13 years. Through parental consent, the law ensures that any personal information collected from young users is not abused or exploited.
The Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (HIPAA) was set up as a way of safeguarding the medical information of patients. It puts restrictions on the uses & disclosure of individual patient data. It also helps improve efficiency by minimizing paperwork & streamlining eligibility checks & billing systems.
India doesn’t have any strong legislative laws to protect the Data Privacy of the Indian Citizens. But it does have a number of other laws that work towards that direction. These Data Protection laws are included as multiple sections of the Information Technology Act, 2000. This Act works towards providing legal recognition for all electronic transactions & helps against the stealing & misuse of data from a computer resource.
Besides this, a new Data Protection Legislation is soon to be passed in the Indian Parliament that focuses on major issues including Data Localization. So, it can be said that even though India doesn’t have proper Legislation for Data Privacy, they are taking leaps towards the same.
- GDPR-like Laws & regulations
Impressed by the strict legislation for Data Privacy under EU’s GDPR, other countries have set up similar Laws & regulations to GDPR. These include Brazil, Japan, Australia & other countries that have set up strong Data Privacy laws to help secure the Data Privacy of their citizens. These laws & regulations are more or less similar to GDPR in many manners.
- Countries without any Data Privacy Legislation
According to a study by CNIL, countries like Pakistan, Afghanistan & most countries of the African continent have no Data Privacy Protection laws or regulations, despite a large number of Internet users in these countries. This is a scary situation for all the citizens there since there are no laws to govern their rights in the digital world & thus their data can be easily exploited.
- GDPR-like Laws & regulations
HOW GOOD ARE THESE LEGISLATIVE LAWS & REGULATIONS?
Even though countries are opting for strict laws to safeguard the Data Privacy of their citizens, none of these countries has a law that can be deemed perfect in all senses or can be said that it doesn’t have any loopholes. Take the USA’s multiple Data Privacy laws for example. There are multiple reasons available to prove that these Laws are not good enough to protect the Data of their citizens. A big reason why these Laws are not enough is also the large number of IoT devices that we use today, that end up generating more & more digital data about us every second.
Moreover, even GDPR, which has the strongest Data Privacy regulations lacks at some points in protecting Data Privacy. These laws can yet be made better with time & by considering more aspects of the Data generated. Besides, we need to remember the fact that technology is changing everyday & with that the need for stronger & stronger legislation is increasing. We don’t just need one stable law, but rather a law that can flexibly change over time to fit the needs that might arise in the near future, to maintain Data Privacy of the consumers.
FINAL WORD: WHAT CAN YOU DO?
While the countries are trying to figure the perfect Data Privacy Legislation to ensure complete privacy & data protection of the consumers around the globe, what can you do to ensure the privacy of your data?
Working in the digital world, you will obviously need to have a soft copy of your data & you can’t carry your PC everywhere with you for the purpose. But on the other hand, if you save your data on Cloud Services, there is a high chance that it might get stolen or misused. So, what can be done? How can you keep your data with you without the fear of it getting lost, stolen or exploited?
Well, though not on a legal level, but you can do something on a personal level to safeguard your data. And that is to save it somewhere, where no one other than you can access it, a piece of the internet as your own, where only you can access your data. You can call it your Digital home, where you can keep any sensitive data you want & no one besides you will be able to access it. And this is only possible with Houm. You can create a personal domain on Houm that will act as a digital home for you, where you can safely store any data you want, fearlessly. It is the only perfect way to safely store your data. So, you too should get your own Houm, as soon as possible.